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HEADQUARTERS MARINE CORPS PROCEDURAL GUIDANCE UPDATE ON THE MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYMENT OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

Date Signed: 10/25/2017
MARADMINS Number: 594/17

R 251833Z OCT 17
MARADMIN 594/17
MSGID/GENADMIN/CMC L LP WASHINGTON DC//
SUBJ/HEADQUARTERS MARINE CORPS PROCEDURAL GUIDANCE UPDATE ON THE MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYMENT OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING//
REF/A/MSG/MARADMIN 489/16/-/16 SEP 2016//
REF/B/DOC/MCO 4410.23/-/29 AUG 2014//
REF/C/DOC/MCO 3500.27C/-/26 NOV 2014//
REF/D/DOC/MCO 4400.201/-/13 JUN 2016//
REF/E/DOC/USERS MANUAL 4400-125//
REF/F/DOC/DODI 8510.01/-/12 MAR 2014//
REF/G/DOC/ESCM 018 MCAAP V. 4.0/-/28 JUL 2017//
REF/H/DOC/MCO 4855.10C/-/23 DEC 2014//
REF/I/DOC/MCO 4400.16H/-/13 SEP 2010//
NARR/REF A IS THE INITIAL INTERIM POLICY ON THE USE OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING (3D PRINTING) IN THE MARINE CORPS. REF B PRESCRIBES THE STANDARD POLICIES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF SOURCE, MAINTENANCE, AND RECOVERABILITY CODES WITHIN THE SERVICES. REF C PROVIDES POLICY AND ASSIGNS RESPONSIBILITY CONCERNING THE IMPLEMENTATION AND STANDARDIZATION OF RISK MANAGEMENT. REF D PROVIDES PROCEDURES AND RESPONSIBILITIES FOR MANAGING ALL CATEGORIES OF PROPERTY UNDER MARINE CORPS CONTROL IN COMPLIANCE WITH DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE (DOD) DIRECTIVES. REF E PROVIDES INSTRUCTIONS FOR USING GCSS-MC TO CARRY OUT USING UNIT SUPPLY AND MAINTENANCE FUNCTIONS. REFS F AND G OUTLINE THE MARINE CORPS AND DOD CYBERSECURITY AND AUTHORITY TO OPERATE PROCESSES. REF H PRESCRIBES POLICY AND PROCEDURES FOR THE MARINE CORPS PRODUCT QUALITY DEFICIENCY REPORTING PROGRAM. REF I DEFINES MARINE CORPS UNIFORM MATERIEL MOVEMENT AND ISSUE PRIORITY SYSTEM (UMMIPS) POLICY.//
POC/HOWARD MAROTTO/COL/UNIT: HQMC IL NEXLOG/-/TEL: 703-697-4704/EMAIL: HOWARD.MAROTTO@USMC.MIL//
POC/PATRICK KELLEHER/CIV/UNIT: HQMC IL NEXLOG/-/TEL: 571-256-7174/EMAIL: PATRICK.KELLEHER@USMC.MIL//
POC/RAFTERY JOSEPH/COL/UNIT: HQMC IL LPC/-/TEL: 571-256-7028/EMAIL: JOSEPH.RAFTERY@USMC.MIL//
POC/OCLOO SETH/COL/UNIT: HQMC IL EGEM/-/TEL: 703-695-9012/EMAIL: SETH.OCLOO@USMC.MIL//
POC/MATT HAKOLA/LTCOL/UNIT: HQMC IL LPC/-/TEL: 571-256-7112/EMAIL: MATT.HAKOLA@USMC.MIL//
POC/CHRIS WOOD/CAPT/UNIT: HQMC IL NEXLOG/-/TEL: 703-697-4704/EMAIL: CHRISTOPHER.J.WOOD@USMC.MIL//
POC/MATT FRIEDELL/CAPT/UNIT: MARCORSYSCOM SEAL: AM PROGRAM OFFICE/-/TEL: 703-432-3851/EMAIL: MATTHEW.FRIEDELL@USMC.MIL//
POC/JOE BURNS/CIV/UNIT: MARCORSYSCOM SEAL: AM PROGRAM OFFICE/-/TEL: 703-432-3099/EMAIL: JOSEPH.C.BURNS@USMC.MIL//
POC/TED ROACH/CIV/UNIT: MARCORSYSCOM SMS/-/TEL: 703-432-5743/EMAIL: THEODORE.ROACH@USMC.MIL//
POC/ROSS HRYNEWYCH/CAPT/UNIT: MARCORSYSCOM: GCSS-MC PROGRAM OFFICE/-/TEL: 703-432-5829/ROSS.HRYNEWYCH@USMC.MIL//
GENTEXT/REMARKS/1.  Situation.  This is a coordinated Headquarters Marine Corps (HQMC) Installations and Logistics (IL) and Marine Corps Systems Command (MARCORSYSCOM) message.  Additive manufacturing (AM), also known as three-dimensional (3D) printing, is a rapidly advancing manufacturing process with relevant applications to increase ground equipment readiness and augment the Department of Defense (DoD) supply chain in direct support of the warfighter.  AM also provides the potential to enhance tactical capability by improving current equipment designs or creating entirely new end items (e.g. unmanned systems).  The intent of this MARADMIN is two-fold:
   1.  Provide up-to-date HQMC interim procedural guidance to better enable commanders at the tactical-level, O-5 and above, to make informed decisions concerning the management and employment of AM equipment, materiel and manufactured/fabricated items.
   2.  Extend to HQMC, the Supporting Establishment (SE), and Operating Forces (OPFOR) the opportunity during Fiscal Year 2018 (FY18) to understand and inform the application of AM during ongoing formal policy (Marine Corps Bulletin and/or Marine Corps Order) development.
2.  Mission.  To empower commanders, O-5 and above, to manage and employ AM equipment, production material, and resultant manufactured/fabricated items in direct support of the warfighter, while empowering Marines of all ranks to innovate and create solutions to challenges they face in CONUS and while deployed.
3.  Execution.
3.a.  Concept of Operations.  Commanders, O-5 and above, are approved to manage and employ commercially available AM equipment and materials via established local procurement control mechanisms to design, manufacture, and employ approved items.
3.a.1.  Approval Process.
3.a.1.a.  To expedite the approval of all manufactured items, HQMC IL and MARCORSYSCOM established bins designated as green, yellow, and red.  Unless the item made with AM is categorized green in the digital repository or falls within the guidelines of the green category, units are required to submit a completed approval request form to the MARCORSYSCOM AM Program Management Office (PMO).  Units will submit the form directly to the MARCORSYSCOM AM PMO and copy the Major Subordinate Command (MSC) in order to upload the item to the digital repository and support the development of institutional knowledge, business processes, and return on investment.  AM approval request forms, descriptions, categorical definitions, and a workflow for the MARCORSYSCOM approval process with associated timelines may be accessed on the Marine Corps AM Information Exchange Portal (IEP).
3.a.1.b.  Green (printing authorized):  Items assessed as negligible or minor risk (risk assessment codes 4 or 5 per the risk assessment matrix, table 1-3, ref C), to include, but not limited to:
   1.  Items previously approved and resident in the digital repository located on the Marine Corps AM Information Exchange Portal (IEP).
   2.  Polymer-based (i.e. plastic) items whose form, fit and function characteristics require no analysis of performance impacts prior to use.  This approved category includes:  stand-alone end items not intended for use as a component of a larger mechanical system (e.g. hand tools, jigs, table models, training aids and mock-ups/prototypes), facility items (e.g. door knobs, hinges, HVAC components, etc.) that have no safety of life or limb ramifications should they fail, external attachments enhancing capability or ease of use for an existing system (e.g. carrying handles, blocks or braces), and replacement of an item already made with like polymer.
   3.  Replace an existing non-procurable part or part with a Source Maintenance and Recoverability (SMR) code X (no longer procurable or requires the requisitioning of the next higher assembly) or M (authorized for local manufacture).
   4.  Proof of concept/prototype intended for use to evaluate form and fit characteristics of a procurable part or line-replaceable unit (LRU) (i.e. an essential support item removed and replaced at field level to restore an end item to an operationally ready condition).
   5.  Prototype intended for use to evaluate form, fit, and function characteristics of an item that can be manufactured through traditional means at an intermediate-level unit (e.g. Maintenance Battalion or Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron).
3.a.1.c.  All items determined to fall in the green category can be produced without prior approval.  If items are not already resident in the digital repository, producing units will upload item information to the AM IEP in order to document the item for wider use, or review for modification/improvement by other Marines and Civilian Marines.
3.a.1.d.  Yellow (O-5 or higher commander determination):  Items assessed as a moderate risk (risk assessment code 3 per the risk assessment matrix, table 1-3, ref C), to include, but not limited to items intended for temporary or permanent employment in lieu of a procurable part or LRU.  After the operational (O-5) commander determines the risk level commensurate to the mission or training requirement the items can be produced.  After the local commander has authorized use of the item, commands are required to submit a completed approval request form and completed risk assessment to the MARCORSYSCOM POC and copy the appropriate MSC in order to gain approval for the continued or permanent use of the part if desired after initial temporary use.  This ensures documentation in the AM database, and enables more rigorous long term evaluation/tracking of the item.  Risk assessment shall be documented and must consider environmental, safety, equipment damage, and intellectual property risks associated with use of the AM part.
3.a.1.e.  Red (prior approval required):  Items assessed as serious or critical risk (risk assessment code 1 or 2 per the risk assessment matrix, table 1-3, ref C), to include, but not limited to items intended to temporarily or permanently replace a part or other item made via AM that pose a significant risk to personnel safety or mission accomplishment should they fail.  Commands are required to submit a completed AM approval request form and completed risk assessment to the MARCORSYSCOM POC and copy the appropriate MSC in order to gain approval for use of the item.  Prior to MARCORSYSCOM approval, and in cases where successful completion of combat operations are at risk, unit commanders, O-5 or higher, can in accordance with ref C approve the manufacture and use of the AM part until final determination on use can be made by the responsible MARCORSYSCOM PMO.  Risk assessment shall be documented and must consider environmental, safety, equipment damage, and intellectual property risks associated with use of the AM part.
3.a.2.  Restrictions.
3.a.2.a.  Safety.  Commanders shall not employ AM techniques to produce explosives, ordnance, bio-medical (with the exception of items to assist in medical care such as splints), or any other lethal item.  Commanders shall identify and consider potential hazards to personnel or equipment safety that are functionally or situationally unique.
3.a.2.b.  Legal.  Intellectual property concerns must be evaluated and approved by the commander when creating Stereolithography (STL) and Computer Aided Design (CAD) files for fabrication of AM items.  Preferred methods of creating STL files are 3D scanning, measurements, complete redesign, or original design.  The file shall not be created by using or accessing any technical data restricted by an Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM).  This includes data or drawings related to the component labeled or marked as limited rights, government purpose rights, small business innovation research data rights, specifically  negotiated rights, or proprietary/confidential.  Commands familiar with restricted OEM technical data should consult their legal office, prior to creating an STL file (though this should not prohibit units from using AM to meet urgent operational requirements in the interim).  Any item or component known to be patented must receive legal review.  The MARCORSYSCOM patent attorney is available for consultation via the respective MSC legal office.  Known to be patented includes patent numbers marked on the component, patent numbers on higher level assemblies, systems, or subsystems, suggestions of a patented status on any product manual or other product literature, and suggestions of a patented status based upon discussions with OEM personnel.
3.a.2.c.  Tactical Aviation.  The guidance herein does not apply to Marine Corps tactical aviation.  Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) will release separate guidance concerning the fabrication of aviation components and repair parts.
3.a.2.d.  Commanders may reference example restriction assessment templates via the AM IEP.
3.a.3.  Accountability.
3.a.3.a.  Commanders in possession of AM equipment, material and/or fabricated items shall maintain accountability of these items in an approved Accountable Property System of Record (APSR).  This includes Global Combat Support System-Marine Corps (GCSS-MC).  Organizations not supported by GCSS-MC (e.g., Installation Facilities Maintenance Department) will account for AM equipment in the Defense Property Accountability System (DPAS).
3.a.3.b.  AM equipment other than raw material are Type 2 (SAC-1) items and will be assigned a Table of Authorized Materiel Control Number (TAMCN) and National Stock Number (NSN) using the information found on the AM IEP.  The AM IEP will be updated regularly as new TAMCNs and NSNs are identified.  Commanders in possession of fabrication equipment not listed on the AM IEP shall contact the MARCORSYSCOM POCs referenced in this message to request a TAMCN and NSN.  Additional information clarifying this requirement will be available on the AM IEP.  When required, NSNs will be assigned acquisition advice code L for local procurement.  This MARADMIN will be referenced as supporting documentation to be included in the authorization letter to process inventory gain transactions (D8A) when loading into GCSS-MC.
3.a.3.c.  OPFOR AM actions shall be captured in GCSS-MC.  Detailed instructions on creating and completing AM-related service requests and tasks in GCSS-MC may be found at:  https://gcssmc-trng.gcds.disa.mil/sme.htm.  Units shall continue to report all quality issues with OEM parts via the Product Quality Deficiency Reporting (PQDR) procedures in ref H.  Maintenance Management Standard Operating Procedures (MMSOP) shall be updated to include actions specified in this message and shall identify local manufacturing activities, local reporting procedures, and part source selection criterion.
3.a.3.d.  Marine-Maker Laboratories located at or in the vicinity of installations will be established with the intent to foster creativity, collaboration, risk tolerance, and bottom-up adoption of digital manufacturing techniques.  Equipment located at the installations shall be managed by the Installation Commander as garrison property in DPAS.
3.b.  Tasks.
3.b.1.  Deputy Commandant, Installations and Logistics (DC IL).
3.b.1.a.  Develop a Concept of Employment (CONEMP) to support the enterprise AM strategy and guide future acquisition, fielding, and employment of AM capabilities.
3.b.1.b.  Publish updated guidance and official policy as required.
3.b.1.c.  Ensure Field Supply and Maintenance Analysis Office (FSMAO) teams and the Internal Controls Audit Readiness Teams (ICART) verify compliance with the requirements of this message and future policy during scheduled analysis visits.
3.b.2.  Deputy Commandant, Combat Development and Integration (DC CDI).  Provide guidance as necessary for the submission of Table of Organization and Equipment Change Requests (TOECRs) to load requirements (Type 2 allowances) for AM Equipment TAMCN items in the Total Force Structure Management System (TFSMS).
3.b.3.  Commander MARCORSYSCOM.
3.b.3.a.  Provide guidance to facilitate accurate accountability and reporting of AM equipment and manufactured items via GCSS-MC.
3.b.3.b.  Establish and manage a digital repository to identify green, yellow, and red category items as described above and catalog AM items in a format and system to empower Marines and units to share, download, and print items permitted per this MARADMIN.
3.b.3.c.  Develop a plan for the digital repository to safeguard model and data integrity and implement cybersecurity measures.
3.b.3.d.  Ensure program managers facilitate the submission of TOECRs to CDI to load requirements for AM equipment TAMCN items in TFSMS.
3.b.4.  Commanders Marine Forces and Supporting Establishment.
3.b.4.a.  Ensure compliance with this guidance among subordinate commands and provide amplifying guidance as necessary.
3.b.4.b.  Provide oversight and guidance for the submission of the TOECRs by unit-level commanders to load requirements for the Type 2 TAMCN AM equipment in TFSMS.
3.b.4.c.  Commanders, O-5 and above, implement control processes ensuring all fabricated/manufactured items are reviewed for approval (with the exception of those already identified in the green category), in compliance with this MARADMIN and general safety, legal, and accountability standards.  Commanders may not delegate approval authority.
3.  Coordinating Instructions.
3.c.1.  AM-specific computers, peripheral items and associated commercial software are not currently authorized on the Marine Corps Enterprise Network (MCEN).  HQMC IL is coordinating with HQMC Command, Control, Communications and Computers (C4), and MARCORSYSCOM to ensure all such devices receive the appropriate Authority to Operate (ATO) on the MCEN in accordance with refs E and F.  Clarifying instructions will be provided once AM equipment is approved for connection to the MCEN.
3.c.2.  All current policies regarding the modification of equipment that affects or changes the configuration remain in effect.
3.c.3.  Information on AM-related training opportunities will be published in a future message.
4.  Administration and Logistics.  Commanders shall assume responsibility for any/all expenses associated with the procurement and sustainment of AM equipment.  However, HQMC IL maintains limited funding to assist commands with initial or follow on purchases of AM equipment.  Interested units may contact the NEXLOG POCs listed in this message.  Some AM equipment and material is currently available for purchase via the General Services Administration (GSA).  GSA is prepared to add AM equipment to their schedule upon request.  NEXLOG or MARCORSYSCOM POCs can facilitate any requested AM equipment adds with GSA POCs.
5.  Command and Signal.
5.a.  The Marine Corps AM IEP is a rapidly evolving forum which provides for a collaborative on-line environment to provide feedback and exchange AM related information.  The AM IEP is located at the following address:  https://mm.md5.net.  The site is currently under construction, and will be updated to support this MARADMIN on 31 October 2017.  Users must request access in order to use the features of this MARADMIN.
5.b.  Direct questions, suggestions, or feedback regarding AM to the MARADMIN POCs.
5.c.  Release authorized by LtGen M. G. Dana, Deputy Commandant, Installations and Logistics.//



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