Photo Information

U.S. Marine Corps Cpl. Nicholas Longden and Lance Cpl. Romig Beley, both low altitude air defense gunners with the Air Combat Element of the 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit, fire a FIM-92 Stinger during Fleet Battle Problem 22-1, aboard amphibious assault ship USS Kearsarge (LHD 3), March 20, 2022. FBP 22-1 integrates naval capabilities to support special operations, provide defense ashore and at sea, and develop the use of unmanned underwater vehicles.

Photo by Staff Sgt. Brittney Vella

MRF-D ACE Enhances Combined Air Superiority through Exercises RAPTOR’S STRIKE and DIAMOND STORM

24 Jun 2022 | Capt. Joseph DiPietro Marine Rotational Force - Darwin

The Marine Rotational Force-Darwin Aviation Combat Element participated in Exercises RAPTOR’S STRIKE 22 and DIAMOND STORM 22 alongside Australian Defence Force members from May 2 – June 24.

RAPTOR’S STRIKE 22 featured low altitude air defense interoperability and allowed USMC LAAD Marines from the Marine Air Control Group 38 detachment to integrate with their counterpart ADF forces in Adelaide, South Australia. MRF-D Marines worked closely with the 110th Air Defense Battery to enhance integrated air and missile defense. The exercise demonstrated a primary feature of force design 2030 concepts and expeditionary advanced base operations.

“Working with 110 Battery was a valuable experience that allowed us to learn from each other, which strengthened a bond that will undoubtedly be passed to future MRF-D deployments,” said 1st Lt. Alexander Bazanos, the platoon commander for the MRF-D LAAD detachment. “Working with our Australian air defense counterparts opened the door for creating TTPs for future MACG-38 and ADF integration.”

Air defense capabilities are a necessity for Marine Corps operations in the Indo-Pacific, and around the world. After several decades of competing in areas where friendly air superiority seemed nearly a guarantee, the operating environment changed. In this environment, air defense assets are critical and enable maneuver. Integrating allied air defense capabilities will further increase our ability to maintain freedom of maneuver.

“We will fight in defense of our allies and will operate in close alignment with them, from their territories, alongside their ships and aircraft, and in cooperative and even integrated formations on the ground,” provided Gen. David Berger, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, in his 2019 planning guidance. “Our forward deployed forces will continue to enhance the interoperability of our tactics, techniques, and procedures, while our capability developers enhance the interoperability of our systems.”

“Working with 110 Battery was a valuable experience that allowed us to learn from each other, which strengthened a bond that will undoubtedly be passed to future MRF-D deployments.” 1st Lt. Alexander Bazanos, the platoon commander for the MRF-D LAAD detachment

Following RAPTOR’S STRIKE 22, the MRF-D ACE shifted focus to supporting Exercise DIAMOND STORM 22 by providing aviation coordination and battlespace awareness to the allied exercise force.

"Through all-domain awareness, the Tactical Air Control Element supported multiple concurrent exercises, to include DIAMOND STORM," said MACG-38 Detachment Lance Cpl. Ethan H. Cooper. "Specifically, working alongside our Royal Australian Air Force counter-parts during DIAMOND STORM allowed the TACE to develop key relationships, anti-Air warfare TTPs, and enhance the MRF-D battlespace awareness. All of these are critical to enabling exercises KOOLENDONG 22 and the ADF-led PITCH BLACK 22, while supporting real-world contingencies."

DIAMOND STORM 22 was an Australian-led Air Warfare Instructor Course which incorporated some of Australia’s top pilots and special operations forces. In addition to providing battlespace awareness with the MACG Detachment, MRF-D supported the exercise with MV-22 lift, transportation, and maneuver.

“The Air Warfare Centre and 88 Squadron, equivalent to our Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics Squadron, put together a world class exercise that focuses on detailed integration of offensive air support, offensive counter air, suppression of enemy air defenses, fixed wing delivered close air support, assault support, and airborne command and control,” provided Capt. Zac Brown, a Weapons and Tactics Instructor and the Pilot Training Officer for the MRF-D Air Combat Element. “MRF-D ACE participation in this exercise allowed us to operate, force on force, against a thinking adversary with a comprehensive and modern integrated air defense system within a contested electromagnetic spectrum environment during the conduct of long range combat assault transport missions.”

For questions regarding this story, please contact the Marine Rotational Force-Darwin media inquiry email address at Imagery from this rotation and previous can be found at